Asthma treatment Guide - Information on how to get asthma relief
The first thing that must be understood is that there is no known cure for asthma. What one can do is to control it with proper asthma management. The treatment of asthma can be divided into two broad categories-long term control and quick relief medications. As the name suggests, long term control medication is intended to control persistent asthma and the medication is taken daily. The main objective is to control air-way inflammation. In case of an acute asthma attack, the patient is given quick relief medication. This helps to relax the bronchial smooth muscles and helps in prompt reversal of asthma attack.
Asthma Control tips - what can you do to feel better?
As stated earlier, the only thing that can be done about asthma control is proper asthma management. The first thing an asthma patient can do is to control the environment in which they are living. Yes, no one can control the environment in which one lives, but they can try to control its impact on their health. Some of the steps that can be taken are as follows:
- The house should be properly and regularly be cleaned and you should wear a mask while doing it.
- Purchase an air purifier with a good hepa filter, such as an IQair, Blueair or Neoair to keep airborne particles and triggers levels to minimum.
- It is also advisable to avoid pets with fur or feathers. If you are allergic to pets, it can also trigger asthma attacks.
- You should also wash the bedding that may include sheets, pillow cases and mattresses pads, on a weekly basis and in hot water.
- To avoid the allergens sticking to your beddings, it is also advisable to encase mattresses, pillows and box springs in dust proof covers.
- You can also replace bedding made up of down, kapoks or foam rubber with synthetic materials.
- Similarly, replace upholstered furniture with leather or vinyl and replace carpeting with hard wood floors or tiles.
- If possible use air conditioners and try to keep the humidity of the house low.
How to monitor your asthma attacks?
The next thing that an asthma patient must do is to have a regular monitoring of the lung function. That can be done by using Peak Flow Meters to gauge the lung function. As a general rule, lung functions decreases before an asthma attack. So, if the meter indicates that the peak flow is down by 20% or more from your usual best effort, you are soon to face an asthma attack.
Known asthma medications
Asthma patient also need to use proper medication. Anti inflammatory (corticosteroids) and Bronchodilators are the two major groups of medication being used to control asthma.
Anti-inflammatories work by reducing the number of inflammatory cells in the air ways and as such prevents blood vessels from leaking fluid into the airway tissues. That in turn reduces the spontaneous spasms of the airway muscles. These are used in cases of acute asthma attacks. These are given in two ways-inhaled via a metered dose inhaler (MDI) or orally via pill/tablet or liquid form. Corticosteroids are intended to prevent rather than reduce symptoms and they are used in the long term.
Bronchodilators, as the name suggests dilates the diameter of the air passage and also eases the flow of the gases to and from the lungs. These drugs work both short-acting and long-acting and can be taken both orally and can be inhaled. These drugs can be used to control symptoms in special circumstances, as when an intensive exposure to a particular irritant can be predicted. Home air purifiers can really help to reduce particles and consequently diminish attacks.
Immunotherapy or allergy shots can also be used. This treatment intends to increase the receptivity of the body towards a particular allergen.
The response of asthmatics towards medicines and therapies vary considerably. As such the therapy has to be customized for individuals. It is imperative that you explain your situation thoroughly to your doctor and then you both should together chart a proper asthma management system.